- Regular social interaction.
- Restrictive and obsessive interests.
There are certain hallmark features of autism. They include:
- Impaired social interaction.
- Unresponsive reaction to people.
- Intense focus on any one object or person.
- Indifference to social engagements.
- Indifferent response to name and eye contact.
- Poor understanding of social cues like tone of voice or expression.
- Repetitive movements.
- Self-abusive behavior.
- Inability to play interactively.
- Little regard for the interests of others.
- Reduced sensitivity to pain.
- Abnormal sensitivity to touch and sound.
- Resistance to being cuddled or petted.
- Inability to make friends easily.
- Inability to initiate conversations or be an active contributor to a verbal interaction.
- Impaired ability to brainstorm or be imaginative.
- Predictable and repetitive use of language.
- Inability to focus on a subject.
Treatments and Remedies
Autism is a disorder that requires the combined effort of a psychologist, psychiatrist, neurologist and speech therapist to diagnose the stage of the condition. A treatment plan is generated only after a thorough neurological, cognitive and language assessment. There is no complete cure for autism. There are a number of special therapies and behavioral interventions that are designed to address specific manifestations of the condition. Educational and behavioral interventions involve intensive, structured training sessions that target the development of language and social skills. These interventions have a separate segment for family counseling. Medications such as antidepressants help to address anxiety and depression, while antipsychotic medications are administered to address behavioral problems. Doctors also recommend anticonvulsant drugs for seizures and stimulants to treat attention deficit disorder or ADD.
There are a number of biomedical research centers dedicated to research on the human brain and nervous system disorders. Autism research comprises the study of basic clinical findings and readings of:
- Neurotransmitter serotonin connections.
- Computer-assisted programs used to interpret behavior.
- Brain imaging investigations.
- Clinical records on medication and counseling results.