Blood Pressure Readings Explained
Blood pressure that is measured is written as a fraction, that is, systolic BP/Diastolic BP. The blood pressure is measured in mmHg (millimeters of mercury). The normal blood pressure levels are 120/80 mmHg. The lower diastolic number represents the pressure of a resting heart between beats. The following table will provide the meaning of blood pressure readings.
|Rating||Systolic Blood Pressure Readings||Diastolic Blood Pressure Readings|
|Optimal||< 120||< 80|
|Normal||< 130||< 85|
|High Normal||130 - 139||85 - 89|
|Hypertension Stage I||140 - 159||90 - 99|
|Hypertension Stage 2||160 - 179||100 - 109|
|Hypertension Stage 3||< 179||>109|
Further blood pressure readings explanation supporting the preceding table are as follows; a blood pressure that is less than 140 and over 90 can be considered normal reading in adults. When the systolic pressure is somewhere between 130 to 139 and a diastolic pressure is in between 85 to 89, blood pressure for the particular person needs to be watched and kept in control. When a blood pressure reading is equal to or higher than 140 and over 90 it is said to be high blood pressure. A sustained high blood pressure of 140/90 mm Hg is said to be hypertension. It is said 90% of the population suffers from essential hypertension, that is, no identifiable cause. The other 10% have hypertension due to kidney diseases, diabetes, or any other disorder.
When you visit a doctor for a blood pressure reading check up, do not go on a full bladder. You should empty your bladder about 5 minutes before the check up and then take your blood pressure readings. In case you are angry, excited or frightened, your blood pressure reading can be higher than the expected reading. When you sit for taking the reading, rest for 5 minutes then allow the medical expert to take your blood pressure. Make sure your back is resting on the chair support, your feet are on the floor and the art and the monitor are at chest level. This helps give the closest BP reading.
If you have high blood pressure, you are at risk of developing heart attack or stroke. You may even have a kidney failure or failure of any other organ in the body. Therefore, it is very important to maintain normal blood pressure levels. You should take a healthy diet and eat fruits, vegetables, low salt and sodium diet. You should exercise regularly to keep your weight in check and lower the risk of developing high blood pressure. You should get your blood pressure checked at least twice a year, as many blood pressure related problems do not show symptoms till they turn into a life-threatening disease. I hope you can now understand blood pressure readings meaning and their effects on your health.