The first trimester is the most challenging period for the body of an expectant mother. Hormones going haywire, body trying to adjust itself to the fetus and preparing itself mentally and physically to give birth. It is not easy giving birth to a new life. There are many discomforts faced by a pregnant mother arising due to the changes occurring in her body. Of these many changes and discomforts, a pregnant woman tends to develop spotting and cramping during first trimester. Spotting and cramping during pregnancy tends to make many mothers nervous as they begin to worry about the health of their fetus. Is it normal to have cramping that too during first trimester of pregnancy? Or is it a sign of certain serious complications? Let us find out all about it..
Cramping and No Bleeding
One of the common complaints heard from pregnant women is cramping during first trimester and no bleeding. Cramping is considered to be normal during early stages of pregnancy. Especially, if you show no signs of bleeding, then it indicates that your pregnancy is moving on normally. It may just indicate that your body is adjusting itself to accommodate the fetus. The uterus is trying to expand and you are experiencing cramping without any bleeding. So, all you need to do is stay hydrated and eat balanced food to help your uterus build itself around the fetus.
Mild cramping is experienced by many pregnant women. This could happen after intercourse, getting an orgasm or due to a full bladder. These causes could stimulate the uterus and one can experience mild cramping. It indicates your body is preparing for pregnancy and the difficult months are ahead until labor.
Spotting and Cramping
One of the most scary sights is spotting blood during pregnancy. Women jump to the worst conclusion that they are having a miscarriage. However, this is not always the case. Very light spotting and cramping may occur due to implantation. This means the embryo is getting itself implanted in the uterus and this causes the endometrial wall to shed some blood. The color of the blood is more like brown in color and does not appear anything like the way you bleed during your menstrual cycle. This spotting is extremely light and accompanied by mild cramps. In some cases, one may have light spotting and cramping after having an intercourse.
Serious Causes of Cramping
Mild cramping that too during first trimester of pregnancy is considered to be normal, till it does not turn into a severe pain. Some of the causes that requires immediate medical attention include the following:
If one experiences bleeding and cramping, the doctor may suggest an ultrasound. This may indicate a 'threatened miscarriage'. It means that the women is experiencing symptoms of miscarriage, but the pregnancy is still safe and healthy. These women need to be extra careful and in most cases, the pregnancy continues for a full normal term.
One of the serious causes of cramping is ectopic pregnancy. This means the embryo is implanted outside the uterus either in one of the fallopian tubes. The symptoms of ectopic pregnancy occur after about 4 weeks of pregnancy. It can cause abdominal pain, vaginal spotting, pain that worsens with physical activity, etc. An ultrasound will reveal an ectopic pregnancy and the doctor will suggest further treatment options according to your condition.
Loss of pregnancy within the first 20 weeks of is called miscarriage. You will experience vaginal spotting initially. This is followed by abdominal cramps or pain continuously for a few hours or may be days. The bleeding be light or heavy along with sharp cramps. If you experience these signs call your doctor immediately for help.
As mentioned earlier, cramps in early pregnancy is considered to be normal. However, if the bleeding or cramps worsen, call your doctor immediately. For any further questions, call your healthcare provider for more details.