Type 2 Diabetes Diet
Understanding the cause of increased blood sugar level in diabetic patients, can help to understand the working of the diabetic diet. Insulin is a vital hormone that helps to absorb the glucose present in the food we eat. Glucose is further utilized by the body to perform daily activities. When insulin is not produced in enough amount, the glucose level increases and causes diabetes symptoms. These include, increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision, etc. Glucose is nothing but simple sugar or carbohydrate present in various foods and thus, to control the increased glucose level, diabetic patients must follow a diet that contains foods low in carbohydrates.
A standard diabetic diet is low in carbohydrates, high in fibers and low in fats. Following a diabetic diet does not mean that one should completely avoid eating foods that contain carbohydrates. In fact, a balanced diet comprises mainly carbohydrates; proteins and fats, being the other components. But one should control the intake of foods high in carbohydrates. A diabetic diet for type 2, should contain foods low in glycemic index. These foods contain low carbohydrates and help in maintaining normal blood sugar level. Foods high in fiber help in lowering the increased blood sugar level, since they delay the sugar absorption in the body. Moreover, dietary fiber foods also help in lowering bad cholesterol in the body. Whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables are some of the foods that are high in fiber. Diabetic patients should strictly avoid eating foods high in fats. Such foods worsen the symptoms of diabetes and also increase risk of developing other health problems like heart diseases. Given below are some guidelines for following a diabetic diet for type 2.
- Along with a diet plan, follow an exercise routine. This will help you to maintain normal blood sugar level and also reduces risk of other health problems.
- Avoid eating ready-made or processed food and rely on fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Increase the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables, since they are low in fats and provide all the required nutrients.
- Foods high in carbohydrates like bread, potato and sugar, should be consumed in controlled quantity.
- Minimize use of oils and sugar and make habit of following a sugar free regime.
It is observed that obese people are at a higher risk of developing diabetes. Thus, such people should follow a diet that will not only help to reduce the diabetic symptoms, but also reduce their weight. There are various calorie oriented diet plans that restrict the intake of calories and thereby help to control the blood sugar level. 1800 calorie diabetic diet plan is one such diet plan that is recommended for diabetic patients. Following such diet plans has proved to be useful for many diabetic patients.
It is recommended that before making any type of dietary change, you should consult your physician. Because, every diabetic patient has different requirements and hence, the diet plan may change from one person to another. I hope this article on diabetic diet for type 2 will prove helpful to you.