Eczema is one of the most painful skin disorders experienced by people all over the world. It is a skin disease characterized by reddening or inflammation of the skin with no known cause. One of the further discomfort causing condition is eczema herpeticum. This condition develops when herpes or viral infection develop at the sight of eczema rash. Although eczema herpeticum can develop on the site of any skin disease, it is prominently found in case of a type of eczema known as the atopic dermatitis. Let us first take a look at the causes and symptoms for the same.
Eczema Herpeticum Causes and Symptoms
It should be noted that there has to be an existing skin condition or skin disease and only then eczema herpeticum develops. This condition cannot occur if there is no pre-existing skin condition. The exact cause of the condition is not known. However, it is believed that damage to the skin due to burn, sun burn, other types of eczema and dermatitis, etc. can make the condition prone to infection. Eczema herpeticum symptoms include development of blisters that are filled with water or pus, on the site of the rash. Sometimes, inflammation can be seen on the whole body which may also develop into blisters. Apart from that, an overall feeling of illness, chills, nausea, etc, are some of the other symptoms of eczema herpeticum. One of the most important thing to note that eczema herpeticum is contagious, i.e., can spread from one person to other.
Treating Eczema Herpeticum
It is advisable to consult the doctor as soon as any of the above mentioned symptoms appear to get the condition treated immediately. If not, several complications can develop; for e.g., development of blister in the eyes can lead to blindness and development of blisters on back and legs may lead to inability to sleep or walk respectively. Secondly, as the condition caused by herpes is contagious; one should seek immediate treatment to avoid it from spreading to other healthy family members. A close physical examination and biopsy will help in diagnosis. Eczema herpeticum medication include use of antiviral drugs as well as antibiotics. Antiviral drugs can be obtained with a doctor's prescription and can help in treatment of this condition. It should be noted that the condition cannot be immediately cured with the help of these medications. However, once the treatment commences, the severity of the symptoms decreases which makes treatment easier.
Along with the drugs and medications, the doctor will also prescribe lotions and moisturizers that will help in keeping the skin moist and prevent it from being excessive dry. Secondly, eczema lotions will also be prescribed which help in getting rid of the other skin related symptoms of the eczema herpeticum like rash and inflammation. On the other hand, in more severe cases, intravenous fluids (IV) may also be prescribed by the doctor. As a preventive measure of the condition, it can only be said that one should bring it to the notice of the doctor when any of these symptoms are observed, and also avoid scratching it to prevent it from being further serious.
As a concluding note, we can say that complete eczema herpeticum treatment is possible only when the condition is identified, diagnosed and treated at proper time. Therefore, one should be well aware of the potential symptoms and complications, and try to prevent them. Take care!