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Famous Scientists and Their Contributions

Famous scientists in history have contributed immensely in various fields of science, shaping the world's progress. The following article will cover some of the names that have helped us enter the age of insight and scientific facts...
Science, a field of observation and facts, based on which theories, principals and more facts have been formulated. Science is responsible for getting mankind out of the dark ages of superstitions. Today, we are all living in an age, where we can differentiate facts from old wives tales. This transition from the dark ages into a world based on scientific facts and explanation, was only possible due to the handwork of famous scientists. These scientists and their inventions have made our lives easier. If we sit down to compile a list of famous scientists, we might find the task a bit daunting. This is because there are numerous scientists in history who will need to be taken into consideration.

Great Scientists and Their Inventions

If we consider the great scientists in history, each one them has come up with an invention that is worth noting. However, the following list of famous scientists and their inventions covers a few of those men and women, who have bought the world out of absurdity into the ages of methodology and scientific inquiry.

Galileo Galilei (1564 - 1642)
Galileo Galilei is a man who was not only Jack of all trades, but also a master of all. He was a famous mathematician, famous physicists, famous astronomer, etc. If you were to go through the biography of Galileo Galilei, you will see that he was the first man to use a telescope. He was the first to prove that it is the earth that revolves around the sun. His thoughts and ideas were so revolutionary, that the Inquisition in Rome, ordered him to spend 8 years of his life under house arrest. He is also known to invent the mechanical pendulum clock, arc of cannonball, magnets, compasses, thermometer, and many more inventions. Galileo Galilei was the first man, to push the world towards the scientific revolution and get the ball rolling.

Johannes Kepler (1571 - 1630)
Johannes Kepler, was an assistant to Tycho Brahe (1546 - 1601), who is known to have made instruments to observe the motion of planets. Brahe, assigned the perplexing orbit of Mars to be studied to Kepler. This decision, helped Kepler come up with his three laws that explain the orbit of planets around the Sun, known as Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion.

Sir Isaac Newton (1643 - 1727)
Mathematics, physics, astronomyare a few subjects, that will forever remain indebted to the great man, Sir Isaac Newton. He is known to have published the Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, in 1687, that is known as the greatest scientific book ever. He is also known for his famous Newton's Three Laws of Motion.

Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882)
Charles Darwin, a naturalist is known for his famous book on the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection in 1859. His theory challenged the beliefs regarding the creation of life on earth. He proposed evolution took thousands to millions of years. Organisms were selected by a process called natural selection and there are millions of species today, who have undergone a process called 'specialization'.

Louis Pasteur ((1822 - 1895))
Louis Pasteur, who introduced the world to a process called pasteurization. He also came up with the The Germ Theory and its Application to Medicine and Surgery. This theory came as eye opener to doctors and surgeons around the world to wash their hands, use clean sterilized instruments and disinfect bandages. This helped get the number of hospital borne infections down considerably. Pasteur also came up with a treatment to prevent chicken cholera and rabies called vaccination.

Joseph Black (1728 - 1799)
Joseph Black was a gem in the field of physics and chemistry. He was also a practicing physician. This scientist's contribution to science includes the experiments that explain the relationship between heat and temperature and measurement of heat. He introduced the idea of specific heats and principles of heat measurements, calorimetry. Joseph Black also discovered carbon dioxide in 1754.

Carl Linnaeus (1707 - 1778)
Second only to Charles Darwin, Carl Linnaeus was a naturalist, who introduced the scientific classification of each and every plant as well as animal known during his time. He established the binomial system, where all plants and animals had two Latin names. The first name consisted of its generic name and the second its specific name.

Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955)
This list is incomplete without mentioning of the name, Albert Einstein. He came up with many revolutionary physics theories like photoelectric effects, Brownian motion and the theory of relativity. These three publications have earned the name of 'Einstein Trilogy'. Today, every kid knows, who came up with E = mc2.

Edward Hubble (1889 - 1953)
The Andromeda nebula distance from Earth was measured by none other than Edward Hubble. He classified galaxies according to their content, distance, shape, brightness patterns and other similar factors. None of the scientists and their discoveries had ever been able to determine the extent of our universe, like Edward Hubble. He has been bestowed with the honor of getting an orbiting space telescope after him, that is, Hubble Space Telescope.

List of Great Scientists
  • Albrecht von Haller
  • Alexander Fleming
  • Alfred Binet
  • Alfred Kinsey
  • Alfred Wegener
  • Andreas Vesalius
  • Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek
  • Archimedes
  • Arthur Eddington
  • August Kekule
  • B. F. Skinner
  • Karl Friedrich Gauss
  • Charles Lyell
  • Charles Sherrington
  • Christiaan Huygens
  • Claude Bernard
  • Claude Levi-Strauss
  • Comte de Buffon
  • Dmitri Mendeleev
  • Edward O. Wilson
  • Edward Teller
  • Emil Fischer
  • Emil Kraepelin
  • Enrico Fermi
  • Ernest Rutherford
  • Ernst Haeckel
  • Ernst Mayr
  • Erwin Schrodinger
  • Euclid
  • Francis Crick
  • Francis Galton
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • Franz Boas
  • Frederick Gowland Hopkins
  • Frederick Sanger
  • George Gaylord Simpson
  • Gertrude Belle Elion
  • Gregor Mendel
  • Gustav Kirchhoff
  • Hans Bethe
  • Hans Selye
  • Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
  • Hermann von Helmholtz
  • J. Robert Oppenheimer
  • James Clerk Maxwell
  • James Watson
  • Jean Baptiste Lamarck
  • Jean Piaget
  • John Bardeen
  • John Dalton
  • John von Neumann
  • Jonas Salk
  • Joseph J. Thomson
  • Justus Liebig
  • Karl Landsteiner
  • Konrad Lorenz
  • Leonard Euler
  • Linus Pauling
  • Louis Victor de Broglie
  • Lucretius
  • Ludwig Boltzmann
  • Lynn Margulis
  • Marcello Malpighi
  • Marie Curie
  • Max Born
  • Max Delbruck
  • Max Planck
  • Max von Laue
  • Michael Faraday
  • Murray Gell-Mann
  • Neils Bohr
  • Nicolaus Copernicus
  • Noam Chomsky
  • Paul Dirac
  • Paul Ehrlich
  • Pierre Simon de Laplace
  • Richard Feynman
  • Robert Koch
  • Rudolf Virchow
  • Sheldon Glashow
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Stephen Hawking
  • Theodosius Dobzhansky
  • Thomas Hunt Morgan
  • Trofim Lysenko
  • Tycho Brahe
  • Werner Heisenberg
  • Thomas Edison
  • Wilhelm Wundt
  • Willard Libby
  • William Bayliss
  • William Harvey
  • William Herschel
These were some of the famous scientists in history. Each of these men and women have conducted hundreds of experiments. From discovery of a microorganism to creation of nuclear weapons, all by a few men who dared to ask 'Why, How, When, What, Where'. Their quest for answers, has helped awaken mankind from its deep slumber in the Dark Ages.
By Batul Nafisa Baxamusa
Published: 8/23/2010
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