Fibroids are non-cancerous tumors, which grow in uterus of women in their childbearing age. The other names for these kinds of fibroids are fibromyomas, Leiomyoma, myomas or uterine fibroids. Although these fibroids can give rise to different health condition, they never develop into cancer. The statistics point to the fact that about 75% of women do suffer from them sometime during their childbearing days. However, not all cases are detected as the fibroid tumor symptoms may not be seen. They can be discovered, when the woman goes in for a pelvic exam or prenatal ultrasound.
Symptoms of Fibroid Tumor
Fibroid tumors normally have a tendency to grow in groups. The size of fibroid varies and it can be as small as a pea or it can as large as an egg or a grapefruit. The symptoms of fibroid tumors are as follows:
Pain is one of the common symptoms of fibroid tumor. Fibroid tumor pain often radiates in the lower abdominal region. The woman can also suffer from irritation in the bladder area. The pain may not be a constant nagging pain, but it can come and go. If the fibroid is located closer to the vagina, it can give rise to pain during or after sexual activity. Like abdominal pain, the fibroids can also give rise to lower back pain. This happens, when the fibroids grow on the back surface of the uterus and it presses against the muscles and nerves situated in the lower back region.
When the uterine fibroid grows, it can exert pressure on the bladder. This may either cause frequent urination or trouble while urinating. The woman can also experience urgency to urinate.
Menstrual Cycle Problem
Woman with fibroid tumor in uterus often suffer from menstrual cycle problems. Heavy bleeding is a common symptom. In some cases the periods can also last for more than 8 days. Painful periods can also point towards fibroid tumor. Passing a large number of blood clods during period is also amongst the symptoms of fibroids. Bleeding between menstrual cycle or frequent period are also indicators of fibroid issues. This in turn leads to anemic condition, due to excessive blood loss.
Like the fibroids exert pressure on the bladder, it can also exert pressure on the rectum by pressing against it. It often gives rise to difficulty and pain during or after a bowel movement. The feeling of rectal fullness is caused, because bowel movements become difficult. In certain cases, fibroids can also stimulate hemorrhoid development. Therefore, it is important to note that rectal problems is among signs and symptoms of fibroid tumors.
Previously it was believed that fibroids do not cause infertility. However, research has proved that infertility can be caused due to the presence of fibroid tumor. The fibroids can compress the fallopian tubes, which causes obstruction for passage of a sperm and egg. The fibroids in some cases can also make it difficult for the fallopian tube to capture an egg at the time of ovulation. In some cases, the fibroids can block the fallopian tube itself, due to which the sperm will not be able to fertilize an egg.
Miscarriage or Congenital Fetal Deformities
Miscarriage is also among the fibroid tumor symptoms. The fibroids can create shortage of space, which can cause miscarriage. In some cases, the fibroids can also give rise to congenital fetal deformities as the fetus does not get the necessary space to grow in the uterus.
To sum up the fibroid tumor symptoms, pelvic pain, heavy or painful periods, spotting between periods, difficulty during bowel movement or while emptying bladder, etc., are the symptoms which you may not want to neglect. If you notice any one of the mentioned symptoms, it is better to have it looked up by your health care professional. In some cases, it can become increasingly difficult to perform day-to-day activities, and this sign should not be neglected. The treatment will be decided upon by the health care professional depending upon your condition.