Did you know that we humans are blessed with more than 10,000 taste buds which are located all over our mouth including the tongue, roof of the mouth, cheeks, lips and also at the back of the throat? These taste buds are the sole reason why we enjoy our meals and snacks and relish its flavors to the maximum extent! We have learned in school about the 5 primary taste that our mouth has. These are sweet, salty, sour, bitter and umami, which is savory taste that is produced by glutamates. However, it's human to take the things that we possess for granted, like our sense of taste! You would be surprised to know that over 200,000 people visit a health care specialist with issues related to their chemical senses which includes the sense of taste as well! Many people complain about the foul taste in mouth, the reasons for which they are unable to understand! This article will help you understand about its causes and what can be done to get rid of it.
Causes of Foul Taste
The causes vary depending upon many factors and conditions. These may vary from poor dental and oral hygiene to certain health conditions like indigestion or pregnancy. The condition wherein the sense of taste is altered is known as dysgeusia. Mentioned below are some of the common causes of foul taste in mouth.
One of the most common causes of developing a fetid taste in mouth is due to the consumptions of certain medicines and drugs, especially those with zinc preparations. Even anti-thyroid and neurological drugs can develop a metallic taste in the mouth. Apart from these drugs and medications, radiation involved in medical conditions like chemotherapy, can also cause foul taste.
It is the other name of bad breath. You would be surprised to know that almost 75% of our tasting sensations comes from the same nerve cells that are involved with the sense of smell! Therefore, if you are suffering from halitosis, then there are chances that you would also develop a foul taste in mouth.
Poor Dental and Oral Hygiene
Maintaining a poor dental and oral hygiene can also cause foul taste in the mouth. The food that we eat is broken down by the bacteria present in the mouth. Debris of food items in between the teeth and gum can cause sudden growth in the bacteria present in the mouth resulting not only bad breath but fetid taste in mouth.
Experiencing bad taste in mouth during pregnancy is very common. Also, the sense of smell also becomes very sharp in this condition, which causes the pregnant women to feel more sick and sense bitter taste in mouth, especially after eating. However, it is a temporary phase and the taste senses become normal with time.
It is common to experience foul taste in mouth due to certain health conditions like cold and flu, fever, nasal problems etc. These conditions can develop due to certain allergies like mold, dust, etc., and can alter your sense of taste. Other health conditions like diabetes can also do the same. Diabetic patients also lack the sense of taste and experience bad taste in mouth when eating, in some cases. Diseases like throat and gum diseases, cancers, mouth diseases and bacterial infections can also cause foul taste in mouth. Acid reflux disease causes fetid taste in mouth after eating.
How to Get Rid of Foul Taste
The treatment depends upon the reason behind the development of the condition! Therefore, if you are maintaining a proper dental and oral hygiene, and are still confused as to why you experience fetid taste in mouth, then you must get in touch with your health care specialist as soon as possible. It would be advisable to drink lots of water and keep your mouth well hydrated in order to wash away the bad taste in the mouth. Gargling your mouth twice a day with salt water also proves to be good for oral hygiene. Also, try to include lots of fruits and vegetables in your diet. Consuming citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, etc., helps in the production of saliva and minimizes the risk of foul taste to a great extent. If you think it's a medication that has altered your taste, then get in touch with your doctor and check if you can consume an alternate medicine with no side effects instead. If it is a disease that is causing the trouble, then taking relevant treatment would be necessary!
If you are suffering from this problem since a long time, then it may be an indication of some underlying diseases. Do get in touch with your doctor to get yourself checked as soon as possible. Have a safe tomorrow.