Getting one tubes tied is turning out to be one of the most common surgeries that women go in for to prevent pregnancies. In medical terms, this procedure is known as tubal ligation. This is the best form of contraception from among the different types of birth control that is available for a woman, because it involves either tying, clamping, blocking or cutting the fallopian tubes and thereby blocking off the egg from traveling to the uterus. Consequently it also prevents the sperm from traveling along the tube and meeting with an egg for fertilization. In the following article, we shall be getting into a little more detail of this procedure as part of effective family planning and hoping to understand the pros and cons of it. It would do you good to read this one.
What It Involves
This procedure is considered to be a routine surgery and there are several options for carrying forth this one. Some of the common options that are used are as follows:
This is one of the most common forms of carrying forth the procedure. In this, a small incision is made below the navel and a laparoscope inserted. The doctor then proceeds to tie, clamp or seal the tubes with clips or with an electric shock. This ensures minimum scarring.
This procedure is more uncommon and is considered to be a major surgery. The incision is made in the abdomen and is deeper. After this the fallopian tubes are pulled out of the incision and then sealed or tied shut with a special device and then introduced back into the abdomen. This is a common method of getting your tubes tied after giving birth through a cesarean surgery.
There is a third type of procedure which is used and that is called a mini-laparotomy. This procedure is like a normal laparotomy procedure but the incision made is much smaller and therefore the recovery time is lesser. Along with that, there are two other procedures that are used as well. These are culdoscopy and colpotomy. These procedures are vaginal and therefore the risks involved are greater. These days, surgeons prefer to go in for the other choices than choosing these.
The advantage of this procedure is that it is very safe and highly effective. It does not affect any of the normal functioning of the woman's system like her menstruation or sex life. The other major advantage is that it can be reversed in most cases. And therefore if a woman wants to ever get pregnant again, she can go in for a re-surgery and get her tubes untied. Although whether she becomes eligible to undergo that procedure and whether it is safe for her depends from one woman to the next.
Getting one's tubes tied is a surgery in any case, and therefore the risks that are involved in any normal surgery apply here as well when it comes to the woman's health. The side effects involve the risk of infection and other problems like uterine perforation, not to mention the recovery time which is characteristic of one woman to the other. And even though it is taken as a permanent procedure, there are 0.2% - 0.5% chances that a pregnancy after going through this procedure might take place. But even if that happens, most of the time the pregnancy will be an ectopic pregnancy which leads to further complications. Also, this procedure does not protect the woman against STDs so wearing a condom still becomes imperative for protection.
This procedure is looked upon as a very safe option when it comes to contraception. One that has minimal side effects. This procedure is considered quite routine and therefore more and more women are going in for this one.