The only reason for a groin pull is a tear or excess strain on the adductor. Adductors are responsible for the movement of our legs, back towards the midline. During normal movement like walking or strolling, the muscles do not get stretched or stressed, but fast, jerky, sudden movements or inadequate or incorrect warm-up prior to strenuous activity put excess pressure on the muscles. This is normally seen in people who run, sprint, jump, change sides with sudden jerks, or for that matter walk with an incorrect posture. Professional athletes usually suffer from small muscles tears or groin pulls. Repetitive or overuse of the groin muscles may also lead to groin pull. Poor mechanics while lifting heavy objects is the reason for groin pulls in most non-athletic persons.
Groin pull symptoms depend upon the degree of the pull, basically the severity of the pull, the damage caused by it, and how bad they are. They are categorized into 1st degree, 2nd degree and 3rd degree.
- 1st degree groin pull symptoms include pain accompanied with minimal loss of strength or movement, muscles feel hard and maybe tender to touch, discomfort in the groin, especially while walking fast or running.
- 2nd degree groin pull symptoms primarily include pain and some tissue damage. Tissue damage cause sharp shooting pains when one is exercising or carrying out some strenuous physical activity. A swelling that may look bluish may develop around the muscle tear. Even stretching your legs for long may hurt.
- 3rd degree symptoms include severe groin pain that may be accompanied by a small lump around the torn muscle tissue, swelling that spreads all over the inner thigh, extreme pain, and an inability to contract thigh muscles. An attempt to walk or get up may cause immense muscle pain.
As the thigh comprises a large number of bones and muscles, the doctor will recommend test like X-rays, besides conducting a physical examination to ensure that it is actually a muscle tear, and also to check its severity. In most cases a 1st degree groin pull will heal on its own with some rest and stretching exercises. The first thing that one needs to do is soothe the inflammation or the stressed muscles. Place ice packs on the injured area every couple of hours for 3 - 4 days, or until the pain subsides. Medical practitioners also prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and internal swelling and inflammation. Never pop any medication without your doctor's approval, as the painkillers target specific thigh muscles. There are plenty of exercises and techniques that will aid in movement and promote flexibility of the muscles. Most of these exercises are again muscle specific, so consult a physiologist who will train you for groin strain rehabilitation. Treatment for groin pain includes surgery, usually a last resort, which is performed to stitch the tear.
Adequate rest and recuperation time helps in relieving groin pain. Therefore, give yourself adequate rest to get back on your feet.