Diabetes is a disease which is characterized by high level of glucose in the bloodstream. The glucose present in the blood provides energy to the body for performing several activities. When a person is suffering from diabetes, glucose does not get absorbed into the cells and remains in the blood. This condition has a damaging effect on the cells of the body where the glucose is badly needed for the fuel purpose. If it is left uncontrolled, then the damage is not just confined to the cells of the body but will affect some of the vital organs of the body as well that include kidneys and lungs. For a better understanding of how to control diabetes without medication, you must know about its causes first
Causes of Diabetes
The body controls the level of blood sugar with the help of various hormones. One such hormone is insulin which is being produced by the pancreas. This hormone enable the sugar present in the blood to move into the cells where it acts as a source of energy. Diabetes is commonly categorized into two different forms: Type 1 and Type 2. When a person's body fail to produce adequate amount of insulin, then it leads to type 1 diabetes. This condition arises when the immune system starts attacking the insulin producing cells of the pancreas and destroy them. On the other hand, in type 2 diabetes, the body cells of the patient fail to utilize insulin properly. In other words, the cells develop some kind of resistance towards insulin. Genetic factors along with a number of environmental factors like some specific viral infections or alcohol abuse are often held responsible for type 1 diabetes. In large number of people, type 2 diabetes is genetic and has been found to run in their families. Besides, obesity, high blood pressure, high fat diet are few other major risk factors for this condition.
How to Control Diabetes Without Medicines
Both types of diabetes are mainly treated with insulin and various other diabetic medicines that need to be administered either orally or through injections. The exact dosage of the medicines are ascertained according to the health condition of the patient. Along with the medicines, some changes in diet and lifestyle are also needed. However, in some cases where blood sugar readings are normal, doctors may advise the patient to stop the medicines and start controlling it by natural means. A few helpful steps in this regard are as follows:
Select Right Kind of Foods
If you have diabetes, that does not mean that you have to eliminate carbohydrates and fats completely from your diet. In fact, your body need them to maintain a good energy level. Include some healthy carbohydrates and fats in your diet. Some source of good carbohydrate are bread, rice, pasta, cereals, etc. These are starchy foods and get absorbed into the body at a slow pace and provide you with good amount of energy. Similarly, unsaturated fats that are found in olive oil, grape seed oil, corn oil are quite beneficial for supplying energy without causing any harm to the patient. Dietary fiber present in fruits and vegetables plays a significant role in controlling diabetes. It delays the release of glucose into the blood by slowing down the digestive process. In short, a proper diet for diabetic patient should have high amount of fiber and protein rich foods and low quantity if fatty foods and sugary foods.
Avoid Unhealthy Fats and Carbohydrates
Sugary substances present in sweets, chocolates, sweet biscuits, soft drinks, etc. are readily absorbed into the bloodstream and increase the blood sugar level quite fast. Saturated fats present in fatty meats, whole milk, butter, etc. adversely affect the circulation system. Hence, one should stay away from all such foods.
A consistent diet is as important as eating healthy foods. This will ensure that the number of calorie intake remains uniform throughout the day which is essential for avoiding any major fluctuations in the blood sugar level. It is advisable that you consult a dietitian before planning your meals. They can guide you about the kind of foods to be included in your meals and their quantities.
Exercising for 20-30 minutes a day is necessary for naturally controlling diabetes. This kind of physical activity also reduce the chances of other health complications like heart disease and kidney problems in diabetic patients. You can select any kind of aerobic exercise that you like. Simply, a brisk walking is also good for your health. If everyday exercising is not possible, then make sure you do it at least three times in a week.
Stop Alcohol Consumption
Alcohol can either lower or increase glucose level in the blood. Moreover, it tends to increase triglycerides, a type of fat in the blood. Therefore, it will be better if you abstain alcohol altogether. If you cannot, then make sure you consume it in moderation.
Diabetic patients who are smoker need to quit the habit immediately. This is because smoking causes substantial damage to the blood vessels and contribute towards several health complications that include poor circulation in the extremities of the body, nerve damage, kidney disease, etc. If required, talk to your health care provider who will provide you with right guidance or quitting the habit.
Mental stress has a negative impact on the functioning of the insulin hormone and aggravate the problem. To avoid this, you must keep your mind free from stress. Sleeping is an excellent way of relaxing your mind. You can learn some relaxation techniques like breathing exercises and meditation to keep your stress levels in check.
The summary of this article that a holistic approach is needed when it comes to check blood sugar levels without using any medicines. Moreover, you have to monitor the blood sugar level on a regular basis and keep a record of the results. If you notice any major change in the results, be it increase or decrease in blood sugar level, doctor should be consulted. This is because both high or low levels of sugar in blood is harmful for your health.