Today, drywall is an integral part of modern homes. This is because there are several advantages associated with it. The drywall boards are hardy and provides excellent insulation to the entire room. Then it covers up the defects of the walls really well. Many people think that drywall installation is a tough job and they cannot carry it out on their own. No doubt it is a tricky job and needs a lot of effort. However, you can do it yourself provided you know the right technique of how to drywall a room.
How to Install Drywall in a Room
First of all, you have to make an estimate of drywall materials needed. Take the measurements of the walls and ceilings of the room and calculate the requirement of number of sheets accordingly. Besides, there are a few other tools and supplies required for this job. They are nails or screws, drywall mud or joint compound, tape, sandpaper, joint knife and drywall lift.
Drywall Installation on Ceiling
You must first learn how to install a drywall ceiling. This is because installing drywall on an overhead position is the most difficult part of this home improvement project and you must finish it off first. Cover up any obstructions on the ceiling wall with the help of furring strips. Take the first drywall sheet up to any one corner of the ceiling using a drywall lift. Then place it on the joist lengthwise and fix it using screws. While screwing the drywall, maintain a gap of 6 inches in between two adjacent screws. Follow the same technique for installing the remaining drywall boards on the ceiling.
Drywall Installation on Walls
The next learning step is how to hang drywall on walls. You have to secure the drywall to the studs of the wall. It is convenient to start from corner of the room. Position the sheet slightly above the ground in such a way that it forms a perpendicular with the stud. Then fix it up to the stud. To secure it further you have to use drywall screw along the perimeter of the stud. The screws should be at a distance of 12 inches from each other. Install the second drywall sheet following the same technique. This way, hang drywall on all the walls of the room.
Taping Drywall Joints
After you have covered up all the walls and ceilings of the room with drywall, it is time for taping. The fiberglass drywall tape helps to cover up the little gaps of the boards. Take measurement of each joint and cut a piece of drywall tape as per that measurement. Place the tape on the joint and press it gently with the help of a joint knife. You must ensure that the tape sticks well to the joint. You have to tape all the drywall joints of both, walls as well as ceilings following the same technique.
Applying Drywall Joint Compound
Read the instructions provided by the manufacturer before preparing the joint compound. Mix the joint compound with water in such a way that it is not too hard nor thin. Take the drywall mud mix on a tray and start applying it along the length of a joint tape on the newly installed drywall. Keep the layer of the drywall mud thin and uniform. Too much of mud tend to form ridges on the drywall. Next, apply the mud to fill up the screw holes. Allow the mud to dry up thoroughly for 24 hours. At least 3 coats of mud is needed on each and every joint and holes on the installed drywall. The second and third coat should be applied only when the previous coat is dry.
Sanding Drywall Strips
The final step involves sanding of all those surfaces where you have applied joint compound. If you move your fingers on them, you could feel that the surface is rough and coarse. To make these areas smooth and even and to prepare the drywall for painting, this sanding is done. Fine or medium grit sandpaper are right for sanding drywall. Sand the surface with a gentle hand so that you do not end up removing too much of joint compound.
The cost to drywall a room depends on whether you are doing it yourself or hiring professional. On an average, the total cost of materials for a room of 600 square feet will be around $300-400. If you are hiring professional, then installation prices would be higher and mostly depend on the quality you are aspiring to achieve as well as the place. Therefore, if you learn how to install drywall, you can save yourself a lot of money.