In recent times, there have been many new therapy techniques that have been introduced for the treatment of many diseases. One of these physical therapy techniques that has been introduced is microcurrent therapy or Microcurrent Electrical Neuromuscular Stimulation (MENS), in which low voltage current is passed on to the cells to stimulate the body into healing itself. This technique hastens the healing process of the body. The current used in this therapy is much tinier than currents used in other therapies, and it uses electrical stimulation with the help of cutaneous electrodes. According to the studies done, microcurrent therapy can be used to treat diseases like Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD), retinitis pigmentosa, retinal vein occlusion and swelling, Stargardt's disease, and other retinopathies.
While using microcurrent therapy, 200 microamperes of electricity from a nine volt battery is applied to eight points around the eye. This is very low compared to other methods like Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. Only about 50 to 500 microamperes of current is used with the device controller using two different waveforms and four different frequencies. Now that we know what microcurrent therapy is, let us take a look at the main application of the therapy which is to treat macular degeneration.
Microcurrent Therapy for Macular Degeneration
Microcurrent stimulation is being used increasingly to treat patients suffering from AMD and the procedure is known as Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation of the Macula or TESMAC. AMD is one of the most common causes of loss of vision and affects the aged. Almost 12 million Americans suffer from AMD as of today, and these people lose their vision progressively with a black spot covering their field of vision which slowly grows in size. There are not many treatments for the disease with coagulating laser therapy being a commonly used treatment, which in itself is not very effective. Use of microcurrent therapy has actually helped in macular degeneration treatment by slowing the progression rate and promoting healing.
This happens due to the stimulation and process of energizing retinal cells. Microcurrent therapy also helps in boosting the ability of the cells to rid the waste products in the body which tend to interfere with proper flow of energy and nutrients. Microcurrent therapy reviews also claim that it also increases blood supply to those areas that are being stimulated so that they can be refreshed. The supposed reason that microcurrent therapy for eye works is that it detects the levels of electrical activity in a healthy eye and then approximates it, stimulating retinal activity in the process and helping in the process of cell refreshment of dormant cells. Microcurrent therapy also increases the synthesis of ATP in the cells of the retina. ATP is important for waste management and membrane viability and lack of ATP can result in accumulation of waste called drusen.
Overall, the method has been observed to be safe and painless and there have been hardly any microcurrent therapy side effects that have been observed. This method of physical therapy is unsafe for patients with pacemakers and when used for other body parts like when being used for microcurrent therapy for face, it is avoidable for pregnant women. As of now, devices used for microcurrent therapy do not have FDA premarket approval for macular degeneration cure and therefore, the therapy is still in the research stages. With the number of benefits that microcurrent therapy has, hopefully this therapy will be introduced on full-fledged scale soon enough.