Split Personality Disorder (SPD), previously called Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) and now widely referred to as Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is a mental illness in which a person has traces of several personalities within the same body. These personalities are also referred to as alter egos or alters. Each of these personalities have a pattern of their own, in which their mannerisms, perceptions and interactions with the environment are specific to that personality. So it literally is like traces of several people existing in one body.
These personalities are like separate people - their age, sex, body pulse is different from the others. And while these alters might share certain traits with the host body, they do not know the existence of the other personalities within that body. The following article will take us through the multiple personality disorder as well as the borderline split personality disorder symptoms.
Borderline Split Personality
A Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a condition in which a person cannot maintain stable interpersonal relations with others. There is instability in their perception of self image and their emotions. This affects their day-to-day life. These are some of the symptoms of this condition:
- They begin to act impulsively in every situation whereby their behavior can get self-damaging. They binge eat, drive recklessly, change sexual partners often and have unprotected sex and spend extravagantly.
- They have an unstable self image and doubt their own personality.
- They suffer from abandonment issues and do everything possible to avoid imagined abandonment or otherwise.
- They go from hot to cold in relationships, at one moment liking someone intensely and hating them the next.
- They have long terms of emptiness.
- Have constant suicidal thoughts and make attempts of the same that could end in the person inflicting self harm by burning or cutting or any other form.
- They have frequent and intense mood swings that could last for a few hours or even for a few days.
- The person may be prone to intense anger problems and temper tantrums.
- They suffer from paranoia and panic attacks where they doubt everyone without any reason.
Split personalities, they say, are caused due to severe stress and trauma that a person suffers from (usually in his childhood). One of the main causes is suffering repeated emotional, sexual or physical abuse as a child and the lack of people who can act as comforting factors to counteract that abusive relationship. They also have an innate ability to dissociate themselves easily so that they do not have to deal with the trauma that they have been made to suffer. That is why they create separate alters. These are some split personality disorder symptoms in children that only grow with time:
- They suffer from depersonalization by which a person feels that his body is not his own. And that he can literally see himself having an out-of-body experience whereby he can observe himself from out.
- Derealization is another important symptom where the patient sees the external environment as unreal. He can see objects changing their shape and size and might not even recognize people and relatives.
- Amnesia is experienced quite commonly by DID patients. They report having gaps in their memory at a time when the other personality is out, whereby, they cannot remember certain incidents or sometimes complete details of their condition.
- They are prone to unreasonable anger.
- They have hallucinations.
- They have mood changes that are sudden and intense.