In this modern world, having enough food, clothing and shelter is not sufficient to lead a happy life. We need much much more than this. No, I am not talking about materialistic needs. There is no end if you go on adding items like modern cars, bikes, luxurious homes, designer clothes, latest security systems, five star holidays, and so on... will you be able to enjoy all these things if you don't have anybody to share your thoughts, anybody to love and anybody who takes care of you? Will you be able to enjoy life with deteriorating physical and mental health? So, let us try to find out an answer to the question about basic needs of human beings.
What Do We Need to Live
Love and Relationship Need
Apart from physiological needs like healthy and balanced diet, regular exercise, clothes, shelter, sex, heat, water, air, medical facilities and security, all living things, especially human beings want to be loved and want to be related to others. Healthy living involves enjoying social life, having healthy relationships, taking care of parents, raising children, having a life partner of matching wavelength, and so on. We are social animals and cannot live alone. We all want to be recognized by our loved ones. A newborn infant also feels safe in the arms of mom and dad. But as we grow up, only 'love' cannot help us lead a happy life. For inner fulfillment, we want others to give us importance. We cannot survive if we are neglected or being humiliated by our family members, neighbors, friends, colleagues, etc. Self esteem is as important as love and it should be included in the list of things that we need to survive.
Self Realization Need
Human beings need to understand themselves and see the value in themselves. Finding oneself through religion and through spiritual guidance is very very essential. This is the area which makes our life meaningful. As the world famous serenity prayer says, we need to have serenity to accept things we cannot change, courage to change the things we can, and the wisdom to know the difference. We need to have patience for the things that take time, appreciation for all that we have, and tolerance for those with different struggles. We need to learn and improve through our past failures. We need strength to get up and try again even when things don't work out as expected. We need to admit the existence of a crisis and we need to deal with it successfully. Religion should bring all together, religion should not be the cause of terrorism.
Gratitude Towards Nature
Drinking, sanitation and hygiene are some of the main basic human survival needs for water. We eat fish, algae which need water to survive. Nature provides us food, air, water and heat. Conservation of nature is our responsibility. We need wood for housing, fuel, furniture, etc. We get most of our medicines from the forests. Rainforests are the biggest source of oxygen and medicines. Deforestation is the main reason behind extinct of some of the plant and animal species. Endangered animals, plants, birds, fish etc. can lead to imbalance in nature which can seriously affect human life. Air, water and noise pollution can make our life miserable. Frugal living can help conserve nature. Every day, we should ask ourselves, "what do we need to survive?" We should check whether we are wasting what nature has offered us. We need to take proper action to save our earth from severe effects of global warming.
Everybody knows the rule which tells us about the survival of the fittest. If you want to be one among the fittest, flexibility of mind is very important. Understanding the changing needs of the modern world, fitting yourself in the changed circumstances can make a lot of difference. Education can create awareness about world problems and can help lead a healthy and peaceful life on this green earth.