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What is Oxycodone

What is oxycodone? It is an analgesic medication which is used as a painkiller. Read the following article to learn what it is used for and what are its possible side effects.
Mostly present in many prescribed painkillers, oxycodone is a strong, opioid analgesic medication. It is synthesized from thebaine, which is an opium derived chemical. Oxycodone was first developed in Germany, in the year 1916; to improve effect of several existing opioid drugs like codeine, morphine and diacetylmorphine, which is better known as heroin. Low dosages of oxycodone are prescribed for various kinds of pains and several other medical conditions. It is used in compound as well as single ingredient products. Other chemicals that are typically compounded with oxycodone include, ibuprofen, acetaminophen or paracetamol, etc.

What is Oxycodone Used For

As I mentioned above, oxycodone is a strong opioid and hence, it is used as a strong pain killer. It falls under the narcotic pain reliever category of medicines. Few of its brand versions are prescribed as a time released medicines that the patients have to consume twice a day. The most common and effective usage of oxycodone is done to avoid pain which is experienced post-surgery. Oxycodone dosage depends on severity of the pain. However, starting dosage of oxycodone is from 5 mg to 30 mg per every 4 to 5 hours. If the patient has never used oxycodone or any such opioid, are often prescribed with 5 mg to 15 mg of it, every 4 to 6 hours.

What is Oxycodone Misused For

Along with its legal usage, oxycodone is used as a powerful drug to get high. As we all know, when painkillers are overdosed, they give a feeling of elevation and pleasure, which is actually addictive and life-threatening, on continuation of the overdose. When consumed in overdosed quantity, oxycodone increases dopamine (neurotransmitter associated with pleasure) levels of the body. There are three misuses of oxycodone that the drug abusers tend to follow, which include, injecting, chewing and snorting oxycodone. It is also the reason why oxycodone is strictly a prescription drug, which means, you cannot (legally) purchase oxycodone tablets over-the-counter and without prescription. They typically use OxyContin or other such brands that provide oxycodone.

What is the Difference Between Hydrocodone and Oxycodone

People, many times, compare hydrocodone vs oxycodone. Those who are not aware, also ask questions like what is the difference between OxyContin and oxycodone. First of all, let me tell you that OxyConin is just a brand name of oxycodone and hence, there is no virtual difference between the two. The only thing that separated the two is the fact that OxyContin is a time released oxycodone. Hydrocodone however, is a different painkiller drug with less strength. If you compare oxycodone and hydrocodone, you will come to know that both oxycodone and hydrocodone are used as painkillers, but oxycodone is highly powerful and highly addictive. Chances of oxycodone addiction are more as compared to that of hydrocodone.

What are the Side Effects of Oxycodone

One of the most prominent side effects is the feeling of high and calmness which is developed by elated dopamine levels in the body. This side effect developed oxycodone addiction. If used in increased quantity, one might also suffer with an array of side effects like diarrhea, vomiting, constipation, fatigue, excessive sweating, constant headache, dyspnea, high blood pressure, impotency, enlargement of prostate glands and decreased testosterone levels in men, etc. Constant oxycodone abuse can also cause a few oxycodone withdrawal symptoms that affect mental and physical health of that person and disturb and destroy his/her social and personal lifestyle completely.

You should always consult your health care provider before ingesting this medication. However, it is also important to understand that there is no harm in consuming oxycodone in the prescribed dosage for a limited timespan and as per the instructions of a knowledgeable health care provider. Take care and stay safe!
By Rutuja Jathar
Last Updated: 10/1/2011
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