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Apple Fruit Facts

Do you know, apple belongs to the rose family? Get some more interesting and unique apple fruit facts in the article below.
Did You Know?
When you plant the seed of a particular apple variety, there is no guarantee that the plant that emerges will bear the same variety of apple to which the seed belonged. This is because of the continuous cross breeding and pollination that takes place between the different varieties of apple trees, giving rise to newer types everyday.

"An apple a day keeps the doctor away". I have heard this quote a million times and have always wondered whether it's really true? But when I researched about apples, I finally got the answer to my query. The statement is in fact, true. Apples are loved by people across the globe for their sweet-sour taste. Apples have lots of health benefits for which they are always in demand. Apple trees take nearly six years to grow and once they are fully grown, they can have a life span of more than hundred years. Let's go further and find out some more interesting facts about the fruit that spelled trouble for Adam and Eve.

Fun Facts about Apples
  • Apple comes under the rose family, Rosaceae and is of the species Malus domestica.
  • Irish peach is a variety of apple which has nothing to do with peach.
  • Studies show that on an average U.S. consumers eat about 42-43 pounds of apple in a year.
  • The popular saying "an apple a day, keeps the doctor away" is actually derived from an English saying "to eat an apple before going to bed, will make the doctor beg his bread."
General Facts about the Fruit
  • History of the fruit apple reveals that the apple was first discovered in the Middle East by Alexander. A verified fact about the apple is that researches show people have been enjoying the taste of apples since 8500 BC.
  • The plant belongs to the central part of Asia. Although it is grown in more than 50 countries, the top five producers of apples are China, European Union, United States, Turkey, and Russia.
  • In the story of Adam and Eve, an apple is the reason behind man falling into sin. Hence in the Bible, the apple is considered to be the 'forbidden fruit'.
  • In ancient Greek, the word mālum means 'apple' whereas in Latin malum stands for 'evil'.
  • You must have come across one more quote, 'You are the apple of my eye'. Ever wondered where it sprung from? This phrase was coined by the ancient Greeks and Romans who believed that the human eye pupil resembles an apple. This phrase is still used to denote love.
  • Apple trees are generally 3 to 12 meters tall with a dense crown. They blossom in the spring and mature by autumn. The flowers are pinkish to white in color. An apple tree takes at least 4 to 5 years to mature and bear its first fruit.
  • There are 7,500 types of apples, but the top five apple varieties are Red Delicious, Gala, Golden Delicious, Granny Smith, and Fuji.
  • The lifespan of some of the apple trees is believed to be more than 100 years.
  • Fresh apples floats in water as 25% of their volume is air.
  • Apple trees depend upon other apple trees for pollination, mostly done by the honeybees. They can also be propagated by budding or grafting.
  • The heaviest apple recorded till date was produced in Japan and weighed 1.849 kg.
  • You can get green, yellow, or red-colored apples. A single apple tree is capable of producing 88.2 to 441 pounds of fruits every year, depending upon its age and type.
  • You can eat apples raw or get it cooked. They can be used in purees, apple juice, ciders, apple pie recipe, preserves, cakes, butter, vinegar, and in many other recipes. You can also make apple fruit salad out of different types of apples.
  • Apple seeds are mildly poisonous. They may not be dangerous to humans, but they can definitely affect birds.
  • Apples can be stored in a cold place. If they are stored in less than 5° C they can last for about 2 weeks.
  • At the Jewish New Year of Rosh Hashanah, apples are eaten with honey as it is believed to give a sweet start to the new year.
  • Candy apples, toffee apples, and caramel apples are famous as traditional confections. They are apples coated with a thick layer of sugar syrup or toffee or caramel. These are common treats at the time of Halloween, Guy Fawkes Night, etc.
  • Sliced apples turn brown when they are exposed to air. This takes place due to the conversion of ferrous oxide to ferric oxide. To prevent this color change, dip sliced apples in water which has few drops of lemon.
Common Types of Apples

Gala: This variety was developed in New Zealand in 1934. It is a cross between Kidd's Orange Red and Golden Delicious. This variety is found all across the globe as it can grow in warm as well as cold regions.

Golden Delicious: It is the official State Fruit of West Virginia. Until 1916, it was sold under the name of Mullins Yellow Seedling. Due to the increased acid production in the colder regions, Golden Delicious are sweeter than the ones grown in warmer areas.

Granny Smith: They are believed to be related to French Crab apples. They are green when immature, but as they ripen, they take on shades of pink, yellow, and red. This variety is mostly used for cooking purposes.

Red Delicious: It was discovered in 1872 and was named Hawkeye, and then rechristened Delicious. But after the discovery of the Golden Delicious, the name was again changed to Red Delicious. It is among the most commercially grown apples in the United States.

Pink Lady: This variety is a cross of Lady Williams apple and Golden Delicious. It was developed in 1973. These apples are made to stay on the tree for a longer time as they take longer to ripen. They are resistant to the natural browning tendency of other apple varieties sliced.

Apple Fruit Nutrition Facts

Nutrients 2 Cups of Chopped
Apples (250 g)
Per Apple
(approx. 364 g)
Protein (g) 0.66 0.94
Lipid (g) 0.42 0.62
Ash (g) 0.48 0.7
Carbs (g) 34.52 50.26
Dietary Fiber (g) 6.0 8.8
Water (g) 213.9 311.44
Energy (Kcal) 130 190

Apple Fruit Health Facts
  • Apples are famous for their antioxidant content, which in an apple is more than 1,500 mg of vitamin C tablet.
  • It has anti-carcinogenic properties that reduce the risk of developing cancer.
  • They are also rich in B-complex vitamins, such as thiamin, pyridoxine (vitamin B6), and riboflavin which help in the metabolic functions.
  • Apples are very low in fats and cholesterol but are high in fibers. This helps in reducing absorption of the LDL cholesterol content in the body.
  • Apples are a rich source of pectin which helps in improving intestinal condition, reduces stress, and reduces cholesterol
  • They have a considerable amount of calcium, potassium, and phosphorus which makes them more appropriate for health.
  • It also reduces the risk of Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease and is also said to improve memory.
These were some of the apple fruit facts for kids and adults. We hope these facts helped you to understand all about the fruit that has so much to offer.
By Niharika Arya
Last Updated: 9/27/2012
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