Bamboos are known to grow from a few inches to 100 feet, however, those which are cultivated as indoor plants, do not attain a height of more than 10 feet. These plants, which develop into canes with narrow leaves, are perennial evergreen plants, belonging to the true grass family poaceae. These are known to be fast-growing grass which are endemic to coastal China.
How to Take Care of A Bamboo House Plant
Watering, is perhaps the most important consideration that comes to mind when we talk about caring for a plant. Over-watering can kill a bamboo house plant, as when the soil gets saturated, there occurs a dearth of oxygen. This in turn may cause the roots to rot, eventually killing the plant. Even lack of watering may cause the plant to dry to death. So, the best way to determine the right time to water the plant is to do a finger test. Simply put a finger or two into the soil about 3 inches deep. If it feels dry then it is time to water the plant. On the other hand, if the soil feels moist, then you can wait for another day or two before you again water it. Most people keep an estimation of ½ a gallon of water for a 5 gallon potted bamboo house plant.
Maintaining the soil is again no less important than watering the plant. Acidic, well-drained and nutrient-rich is considered ideal for a bamboo house plant. It is to be remembered that the plant does not encourage water logged soil. Although a high-nitrogen, low potash solution such as 30-10-10, is considered good enough for the plant, a water soluble one is preferred more due to a lesser risk of fertilizer burn.
When it comes to taking care of a house plant, light requirements is the most important factor that decides the growth and health of the plant. As your bamboo plant will be deprived of most of the sunlight, arrange for artificial lighting with fluorescent lamps or special incandescent bulbs. This will serve as a supplement for natural light. Bamboo plants come from warm, humid climates and thus grow better under such conditions. So, if the temperature is high indoors, then ensure that brighter are the lights. The plant tends to lose a good amount even indoors. So, covering the soil with heavy mulch will slow down the evaporation process.
Occasional and careful trimming the plant helps in keeping it in good shape. Stems which have withered must be gotten rid off at the soil level. Cutting just above the nose, helps in keeping control of the height of the bamboo house plant. In spring, the leaves may turn yellow and begin to shed. All you have to do is to remove them from the plant and add to the mulch.
Growing Bamboo House Plant
You can get cuttings of bamboo shoots and plant them a few inches within the soil of the pot. Getting a proper sized pot is one important factor which needs to be kept in mind while starting off with planting new bamboo plants. Choose a container that can provide enough room for the roots and the soil. There must be space of at least 2 inches between the wall of the container and the root ball.
You must also keep a check on your bamboo plant as it will take no time to get root-bound if it is kept in a small container for long, as the plant is a fast grower. So, a large bamboo house plant needs to be repotted to a bigger container. The rest of the requirements, i.e. soil requirements, watering, fertilizer and pruning are the same as have been described above. Another important factor in caring for the plant is occasional misting. This helps in increasing its moisture. This you can also do by using humidifiers or place pots on a tray with pebbles and a little water.