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Fertility Problems in Women

Fertility problems in women are not an uncommon phenomenon where conceiving is a tedious undertaking. Learn about the causes and what can be done to boost fertility, along with treatment options for the same...
Infertility is not an easy situation to deal with, where women have to try all sorts of ways to be able to get pregnant and start a family. It can cause some to look at them in disdain, but you can't blame them for what they're going through especially if she has lived a clean lifestyle, and one that is healthy. Some women have problems when it come to their reproductive systems, where they need to address certain things that they've become habituated to. Here you'll come across the causes of infertility problems which should be brought forward to a doctor immediately, in case the scenario has a more serious reason backing a woman's inability to conceive.

What Causes Infertility in Women?

The fertility in women causes can range from small to big issues that her system is facing. The most common fertility problems in women are unhealthy habits like smoking and not going by a diet plan that keeps you fit or at least on the average scale. These can seriously hamper a woman's chances of getting pregnant.
  • Pelvic tuberculosis
  • Indulging in unprotected sex with multiple partners (increases one's chances of falling prey to an STD)
  • Ruptured appendix
  • Endometriosis
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Anovulatory menstrual cycles
  • Non sterile abortions
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • DES exposure
  • Diabetes
  • Eating disorders
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Cervical obstructions
  • Smoking
  • Being overweight
  • Age factor (being over 30 doesn't make it easier for a woman to conceive).
Treatment Options for Infertile Women

For infertility treatment options, women can refer to the following ways in which they can help themselves increase the chances of having a baby.

Surgical Methods
Artificial insemination, is where a specially enhanced sperm that's been washed, is directly placed into the uterus, which is also done using a donor sperm in some cases. ZIFT or zygote intrafallopian transfer, is when the zygote is placed in either one fallopian tube, which is done through laparoscopic surgery. GIFT on the other hand, or gamete intrafallopian transfer, is when both the sperm and egg, are placed together in one of the fallopian tubes for fertilization. In vitro fertilization, is where the ovaries are made to produce eggs, which is then taken from the woman's ovaries and is executed on the outside the body, where doctors place the sperm and eggs together with a merging of certain nutrients, before they are left to fertilize. After this stage, the embryos are then placed into the woman's uterus where the parents then wait for one of them to start fertilizing.

Use of Fertility Boosting Medication
Gonadotropins, which include hcg, LH and FSH, or using a combined mix of two can help increase a woman's ability to give birth, which is also used if a woman were to undergo in vitro. Letrozole is given to bring about ovulation among those that have such problems, where there is a possibility of birth defects, although that is still under speculation. Anastrozole works in the same way as the previous drug. Clomid which is known for its success rate, is usually the first preferred drug suggested by doctors, where couples usually have good news after six cycles of its use.

Fertility problems in women can be dealt with if one were to take care of her eating habits, and what she does to her body that could possibly worsen / better her chances at having kids. It is important to have regular check ups done in case there is an underlying problem that is stopping one from conceiving, which when effectively cured can then pave the way for a successful pregnancy.
By Naomi Sarah
Last Updated: 10/7/2011
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