Healthy eating translates to a healthy life-style. Eating well is really a good deal of common-sense and discipline and, coupled with decent physical activity and sufficient rest, will result in improved physical and mental well-being. What exactly you ought to eat and how much, however, is open for debate. Nutrition requirements vary from person to person, depending to a large extent on your body structure, height, weight, and medical history. You should experiment and determine what suits you the best. A healthy diet should provide you with all the essential nutrients and calories that you require.
1. Start your day with a good, wholesome breakfast. Never skip this meal. For that matter, don't skip lunch and dinner either. It is very important to have regular meals. And as important to not graze between meals.
2. Eat in moderation. Many people seem to eat to pass the time or fill some inner, non-stomacular vacuum. If you find yourself heading down that path, stop immediately and assess your situation. Develop another hobby. Don't gravitate unerringly towards the fruit trees and the vegetable patch.
3. Make sure there is enough variety in your diet. Eating just one or two of the same foods every day can turn tedious in the long run. But, more than that, a varied diet will provide you with a good balance of the necessary nutrients, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, flavonoids, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, etc. Too much of one thing or too little of another can lead to problems.
4. Your daily diet should include plenty of fresh vegetables, fresh fruit, whole grains, pulses, sprouts, nuts, and dairy products, especially fermented and cultured products like yogurt, etc. And, if you are a non-vegetarian, also fish and poultry products. Too much of red meat is not recommended.
5. Generally, unprocessed or minimally processed and organic foods should be preferred over processed and inorganic foods. Processed foods are not only low in nutrients, they contain artificial preservatives and flavors that can prove harmful to your health. It is better to go for brown rice, brown bread, whole grain pasta, natural honey rather than white rice, white bread, pasta, and artificial sweeteners. Buy canned or frozen foods only if it is not possible to buy fresh fruit, vegetables, fish, meat, etc.
6. Make sure you thoroughly wash and, if necessary, peel fruit and vegetables before you eat or cook them. This will get rid of soil particles, wax layers, and micro-organisms. This is pretty elementary, but many people often forget to stop by the tap on the way to the cooking ranger.
7. Don't overcook the food as that will result in a loss of valuable nutrients. Steam vegetables or have them raw. Adding a little turmeric to the vegetables is very beneficial. Try different or new recipes that you have not tried before. The Internet is a great source to find a great variety of national and international recipes. Trying new methods of food preparation will increase your enjoyment of the meal.
8. It is not necessary to completely give up the high fat foods like butter, cream, cheese, ice creams, or 'junk' food like potato chips, hamburgers, fried chicken, etc. Just limit your intake. Eat less often or eat smaller portions. As long as you know to keep your food portions to a reasonable amount, you can continue eating everything that you want and still remain healthy.
9. Don't gulp down your food. Eat slowly and chew well. This helps with digestion. Including starters like soups or broths will also assist the digestive process.
10. Cut down on sodas, soft drinks, tea, coffee, and artificially flavored drinks. Instead, go for milk, butter-milk, natural fruit juice, and plenty of water. You should drink at least 2 liters of water every day.
11. Alcohol is not good for you. If you can't live without alcohol, try moderation and limit your intake to one glass maximum per day. Or prepare to live with a liver malfunction at some later date.
12. Time your last meal - dinner or supper - at least 3 or 4 hours before your usual bedtime. Drink a glass of lemon juice and go for a short walk to aid digestion. And don't get up in the middle of the night to raid the refrigerator. Give your digestive system a rest to prepare it for breakfast.
These were some tips that you should remember. As they say, "You are what you eat". If you want to minimize the risk of various debilitating conditions, ensure that you keep an eye on what goes into your stomach.