First of all, you need to determine what is causing the water problems. To do this take a notepad with you and take a round around the house. The most common water drainage problem, is due to the house being on a sloped region. This contributes to water pooling. Water can also get accumulated around the house, if there is excess roof water drains right next to the foundation of the house. For backyards, the common problems are due to broken pipelines and water running from the roof. Check the gutters to see if they are properly installed or not, also examine the downspouts to see if something is blocking them. One of the reasons that water gets trapped is due to the soil; if this is the reason consider improving the soil quality.
Drainage Solutions for Lawns
Improving Soil Quality
This is one of the most inexpensive drainage solutions. If the soil in your lawn is clayey, then it won't allow the water to percolate deep into the ground. Also, it makes the yard mushy and contributes to water clogging. To improve the quality of your soil and drain water off lawns, rake the soil and add sand, compost, wood chips and saw dust to it. This greatly helps to improve the quality of soil, and serves an effective lawn drainage solution.
These are one of the most effective solutions for drainage. French drain can be installed anywhere and are great for DIY enthusiasts. To install a French drain, one just needs to dig a trench at the base of the sloped area, and then allow the French drain to capture the water and redistribute it.
Sump pumps are another effective drainage solutions for yards. They work great in extreme situation. For example if there is a low water table, that is pushing the water below the ground, then the water will get accumulated in the pit of the sump. After which it will be pumped away from the foundation by underground pipes.
Dry wells are popular landscape drainage solutions in areas where there is no connection to a storm drainage system. These are filled with gravel and then surrounded by filter fabric. The water flows into the wells and infiltrates the ground through the gravel.
You can use catch basins. These are connected to storm drainpipes, and are round or rectangular concrete structure with metal grates places on top. They capture debris that would clog the pipes in a storm drain system. Yard inlets can also be a part of the water drainage solutions. They are similar to catch basins, but much smaller in size.
Gutters are also effective in areas where rainwater gets accumulated around the house. Gutters collect the run off from house's or building's roof. They can direct water to downspouts through the roof drain. They are also very easy to install. One can also use clean outs as drainage solutions around house. They are designed as easy access points for maintenance of the storm water and are located in a bend where the debris tend to clog the drainage system.
So, to make an effective drainage system, install a French drain, sump pump, or dry well and combine it with smaller drainage solutions. This will help combat the water clogging problems. Before you direct excess water to the municipal drain or to a dry well, make sure you learn about the laws in that area. As some laws state, that the excess water needs to be filtered before it is directed to a public drain.