We all desire to have blemish free skin that looks translucent and glowing. But unfortunately, attaining perfect complexion is easier said than done and most of us have a complexion that is less than perfect. While there are many who struggle with acne problems, others have another problem that is just as annoying. Pigmentation on the skin, seen frequently on the face and hands is one of the main reasons that skin appears less radiant and smooth. Freckles, dark spots, age spots and melasma are all different forms of skin pigmentation. Pigmentation or discoloration of the skin makes the skin appear splotchy and uneven. And even though most people think that wrinkles and fine lines are responsible for making your skin look older, it is actually an uneven and blotchy skin that makes a person look aged.
There are a number of ways that you can fight blotchy skin. One is to wear makeup that will camouflage your skin's texture and discoloration and the other is to use creams, lotions and serums that will fade away dark spots and age spots. The first method is no doubt useful although it is a temporary method and does nothing to get rid of splotchy skin. Using some good over the counter non prescriptive creams and lotions will help in fading if not getting rid of splotchy skin to a large extent.
Causes of Blotchy Skin
One of the primary causes of pigmentation whether it is dark spots, brown spots or freckles is over exposure of sun. If you are a sun worshiper and spend hours on the beach to get a tan, then your splotchy skin might be due to excessive sun. The sun emits ultraviolet rays that not only lead to skin tanning and darkening, but also skin pigmentation. You must have heard it millions of times, but I will say it again - You need to wear a sunscreen. A good sunscreen that contains both UVA and UVB protection will help in protecting your skin from harmful radiation and prevent dark spots and age spots.
Hormonal changes during puberty and pregnancy also cause skin discoloration. This is known as melasma and is typically seen on the cheeks and forehead. Due to hormonal changes, the melanocytes get over stimulated and produce more melanin which leads to darkening of the skin. Stress can also lead to hormonal imbalance which in turn can lead to skin pigmentation.
Getting Rid of Splotchy Skin
To get rid of skin blotches, you need to first consult a dermatologist who will prescribe you certain skin creams and lotions. If you are looking for non prescriptive creams and serums to reduce splotchiness, then opt for skin lighteners that contain hydroquinone and kojic acid. You can also use a moisturizer that contains alpha hydroxy acid that will gently exfoliate the skin, fading away brown spots. It is also essential that you cleanse your skin every night to remove all traces of dirt, oil and makeup. Hitting the bed without properly cleansing your skin can result in skin allergies and clogged pores.
To reduce splotchines, opt for an at-home peel as well as a microdermabrasion product. This will help in slouching dead skin and will give your complexion a boost. You can also go for an in-office trichloroacetic acid peel. The results of a trichloroacetic acid peel is quite dramatic and you will see noticeable fading of dark spots. If you have the budget, then opt for a few sessions of Q-Switched Laser. It works wonders on discolored skin patches and helps to fade away brown spots and freckles.
Consulting a reputed dermatologist is one of the best course of action to take, to get rid of splotchy skin. The best way to prevent skin discoloration and maintain a healthy and even complexion is to diligently apply an effective broad spectrum sunscreen and staying out of the sun during the peak hours in the afternoon when the sun's rays are the strongest.