Symptoms of Enlarged Spleen

The symptoms of enlarged spleen are rare and hence, people do not realize that their spleen is enlarged. Scroll down to know about the symptoms of enlarged spleen.
Spleen is an important but not a critical organ of the human body. It is responsible for the production of the white blood cells and it is also responsible for the maintenance of the red blood cells. The spleen also filters the blood and destroys the dead red blood cells. Normally, the spleen is about the size of the fist. When a spleen enlarges, the size of the spleen increases a lot. The spleen enlarges due to a number of reasons, the most common being a disease. This article centers around the symptoms of enlarged spleen. Let us look into the causes, symptoms and treatment of enlarged spleen.

Enlarged Spleen Symptoms

Usually, an enlarged spleen is not a cause of worry. There are a number of reasons for an enlarged spleen. However, an enlarged spleen may mean that it is overactive, i.e., it is overactive in destroying blood cells. Mentioned below are the enlarged spleen symptoms.
  • The person with an enlarged spleen is usually unable to eat a huge amount of food.
  • The person feel pain in the upper left side of the abdomen as that is the spleen location. These spleen pain causes could be due to a number of reasons.
  • A feeling of discomfort and fullness are the symptoms of enlarged spleen in children.
  • Unexplained weight loss is also one of the signs and symptoms of enlarged spleen.
  • As mentioned earlier, spleen fights the harmful bacteria and keeps the immune system strong, an enlarged spleen may not be able to fight the infections. Hence, if a person starts to suffer from frequent infections, chances are that his/her spleen is enlarged.
  • Another symptom of enlarged spleen is anemia. Anemia is a condition where there is a deficiency of red blood cells.
  • A person with an enlarged spleen is very susceptible to jaundice. Hence, jaundice is one of the classic symptoms of enlarged spleen and liver.
  • Radiating pain from the abdomen to the shoulder and back are symptoms of a swollen spleen as well as the symptoms of enlarged spleen.
  • A person with an enlarged spleen also bleeds easily.
  • Enlarged spleen causes fatigue, hence, if a person experiences unexplained fatigue, there are chances that his/her spleen has enlarged.
Causes of Enlarged Spleen

Now that you know the symptoms, let us look at the enlarged liver and spleen causes. These are similar to enlarged spleen causes.
  • Different kinds of infections like viral and bacterial infections cause spleen enlargement.
  • Cancer also causes liver and spleen to enlarge.
  • Inflammatory diseases may lead to an enlarged spleen.
  • Trauma and cysts are other causes.
Enlarged Spleen Diagnosis

If a person experiences any of the above symptoms for more than 2 days, then it is recommended that he/she visits the doctor to get the problem diagnosed as soon as possible. The diagnoses can be done by touching the spleen location and with the help of some tests like an ultrasound and CT scan and x-rays.

Enlarged Spleen Treatment

Once the doctor has diagnosed the spleen enlargement, the next step is deciding the course of the enlarged spleen treatment. The person with an enlarged spleen is asked to limit the physical activities in order to avoid spleen rupture. Medication will be started immediately by the doctor to avoid further issues. In some cases, spleen removal may become necessary. A surgery may be required in some cases. The treatment will be decided by the doctor according to the symptoms.

The symptoms of enlarged spleen are very common and hence, if a person experiences these symptoms, he/she should visit a doctor in order to avoid complications like ruptured spleen and spleen removal, later on. Timely treatment is essential.
By Deeptee A
Last Updated: 10/3/2011
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